04 | 07 | 2020
OMSK SCIENTIFIC BULLETIN. SERIES «SOCIETY. HISTORY. MODERNITY»
2020

Vol. 5, no. 2, 2020


CONTENTS

HISTORY

I. Vladimirsky, M. V. Krotova
On the issue of studying Siberian merchant class: the circle of social contacts
of gold producer Yakov Frizer
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-2-9-15
The research is dedicated to Siberian merchant Yakov Frizer, a range of his communication and social contacts. Present research
targets to illustrate through Frizer example particularities of everyday life and activity of the Siberian merchants on the threshold
of the 19th–20th centuries, interrelations between various ethnicconfessional and social groups, between regional entrepreneurs
and capital administrators as well as great potentialities of self-implementation for Jewish merchant within the Russian Empire.
The article is based on the personal archive of Yakov Frizer, his books and articles, materials of the Siberian press and archival
documents fr om the Russian Historical Archive (RGIA) and the State Archive of the Russian Federation (GARF). The authors have
concluded particular features of Siberian society as a multi-layer society with intersections of various social, ethical and confessional
worlds, national and religious tolerance and active social position.

Keywords: Ya. D. Frizer, Siberia, merchants, Jews, gold industry, social contacts, Russian Empire.

9–15














A. A. Fomenkov
Corresponding member of the USSR Academy of Sciences V. S. Troitskiy and his role
in shaping the civic position of scientific community in Gorky region.1985–1991
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-2-16-21
The article is devoted to the activities of corresponding member of the USSR Academy of Sciences V. S. Troitskiy stayed against
the launch of the Gorky nuclear power plant for heat supply. V. S. Troitskiy’s arguments against starting this object are indicated.
The reasons for the significance of his actions against GAST for the development of informal politicized organizations in Gorky
are revealed. The influence of V. S. Troitskiy on the position of the scientific community on significant socio-political issues is indicated.

Keywords: civil society, perestroika, informals, Gorky, ecology, political struggle, scientific community, influence, V. S. Troitsky.


16–21











E. A. Koshechkina
Ulus Jochi in system of international trade on territory of Crimean Peninsula in XIII–XIV centuries
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-2-22-28
The article is devoted to the analysis of the foreign economic policy of the ulus of Jochi in the XIII-XIV centuries. The role
of the Ulus in the system of international trade on the territory of the Crimean Peninsula is considered. The analysis of foreign
economic policy directions and their role in the economy Of ulus Juchi in the declared period is carried out. The importance
of international trade in the economy of the Golden Horde is highlighted. The process of relations between the Crimean authorities
and the Italian colonies on the territory of the Peninsula is also considered. The article covers the issues of the appearance
of Italian colonies in the Crimea, the reasons and consequences of the formation of Italian colonies for international trade.

Keywords: Jochi Ulus, the Crimean Ulus, international trade, the Italian colony.


22–28











R. V. Rybakov
«For any work at the congress, it is important to have a united mass, in other words, as we usually
call all kinds of groups — the opposition»: from the history of the Komsomol opposition
in the Omsk province 1921–1922
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-2-29-34
The development of youth movement in the 1920’s is considered. It was not without contradictions, which was due to the influence
of the unfolding party struggle, as well as the presence of completely opposite views on the role and functions of the Komsomol
in the Soviet state. This publication is devoted to the consideration of a separate episode in the development of the youth movement
in the territory of the Omsk province related to the attempt of a group of active workers to remove the current leaders of the provincial
committee of the communist union. The paper analyzes reasons that prompted Komsomol members to express distrust
of the governing apparatus. A letter is sent to the scientific community, sent to the activists of the Kalachinsky Ucom with a proposal
to join the organized opposition.

Keywords: Komsomol, Omsk, youth of Siberia, letters of youth, Komsomol opposition, youth non-conformism.


29–34














E. E. Shumilova
Employment of population of large cities of Western Siberia in 1914–1917
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-2-35-41
The paper analyzes changes in the structure of labor employment of the population of Siberian cities during the World War I
and the impact of these changes on the level of income of citizens on the basis of unpublished sources, periodicals and statistics.
From the point of view of the theory of historical everyday life, it is argued that the urban environment of Western Siberian cities
faced a number of new challenges with the beginning of the World War I, which significantly worsened the social well-being
and economic activity in Siberian cities. The transition of the country’s economy to supplying the front with arms and products
inevitably affected the traditional commercial activities of the merchants, the supply of food to the rear cities, and various types
of traditional labor activities in cities that in peacetime depended on the demands of the market and citizens. The author
substantiates the conclusion that the growing crisis in the economic sectors has steadily influenced changes in the structure
of employment, and also caused a decrease in the level of income of citizens in July 1914–February 1917.

Keywords: employment, income of citizens, World War I, Barnaul, Omsk, Tomsk, Novonikolaevsk.


35–41














M. V. Zhuravleva
Readers’ preferences of Irkutsk residents in late of XIX–early XX centuries
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-2-42-47
The article deals with the problem of the reader and reading among the urban population, which is little studied in Russian history.
Based on the analysis of the materials of the state archive of the Irkutsk region, the author characterizes the readership
and the reader’s interests of certain social and professional groups of the Irkutsk population in the late XIX–early XX centuries.
A distinctive feature of the Irkutsk readership is shown: the social composition of active readers of the city is revealed, the circle
of the most popular domestic and foreign authors is designated, the most popular all-Russian, regional and local periodicals
are marked. The obtained data can help to characterize the mechanism of influence of reading on the formation of socio-political
views, moral education and artistic tastes of Irkutsk residents.

Keywords: Irkutsk, libraries, readers, readers’ interests, periodical press.


42–47












E. P. Ivanov
Interethnic relations in the Steppe region in 19th–early 20th centuries on pages of periodicals
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-2-48-54
The article is devoted to the establishment and development of inter-ethnic relations between the inhabitants of the Russian Empire
and the indigenous people of the Steppe Territory. The article deals with the dynamics of the transformation of the image
of a region reflected in the Russian periodical press of the XIX–early XX centuries. It is shown that the reflection in the press
of the character of Russian- Kyrgyz inter-ethnic relations was the most important factor in the formation of the image
of the Steppe Territory in the eyes of Russian inhabitants.

Keywords: Interethnic relations, Steppe Territory, Kirgiz-Kaisaki, Northeast Kazakhstan, kirghiz, periodicals.


48–54










M. A. Knyazev
Palace commandant V. N. Voeikov and the Duma-military opposition: confrontation
during the First World War
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-2-55-65
The article discusses the struggle of opposition Duma and military leaders against the palace commandant V. N. Voeikov during
the First World War. The hyperbolized view of the role and influence of the general at court, his inclusion in the list
of «irresponsible influences» became the reason for the declaration of «war» to the palace commandant by public and military forces.
On the basis of the study of archival materials, sources of personal origin, materials of paperwork, the article identifies the goals,
mechanisms and results of the struggle against Voeikov as an active member of the «court camarilla». The author comes
to the conclusion about the evolution of forms and methods of combating the tsarist encirclement in 1914–1917: from attempts
to «peacefully» remove or move to another position to apply radical measures (public and newspaper bullying,
baseless charges, arrest).

Keywords: V. N. Voeikov, Nicholas II, the Duma-military opposition, World War I, State Duma, A. I. Guchkov.


55–65














V. V. Germizeeva
Governors-General of the Steppe Region (1882–1917)
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-2-66-72
Based on the prosopographic method, the article describes a collective portrait of people holding a governor-general position
in the Steppe Territory in 1882– 1917. Attention is drawn to the educational level, age at the position, personal qualities and activities
of officials. The contribution of each of the governors-general to the development of the Steppe Territory is shown. It is disclosed how,
under their direct control and guidance, measures were taken for resettlement policy, the development of public education,
healthcar and trade.

Keywords: Russian Empire, Steppe Territory, Steppe Governor General, Governor General, Local Government, G. A. Kolpakovsky,
M. A. Taube, N. N. Sukhotin, I. P. Nadarov, E. O. Schmit, N. A. Sukhomlinov.


66–72











Tо the 75th Anniversary of the Great Victory


A. V. Sushko
«Intended to prepare a march replenishment for active Red Army»: to the history
and perpetuation of memory of 39th Omsk reserve rifle brigade (division)
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-2-73-81
The article is devoted to the reconstruction of the history of the 39th Omsk reserve rifle brigade (division). Attention is focused
to the contribution of the Omsk military unit to the Great Victory. The article proved that during the years of World War II, the brigade
sent to the front the largest number of fighters in comparison with other units formed in the Omsk region and sent to the front
in full force. Thanks to the courage and heroism of the soldiers and officers trained in Omsk, the notable contribution of the soldiers
who arrived to the front from Siberia in the victory over fascism, the country’s leadership was given the honorary name Omsk.
Based on the above information on the history of the 39th Omsk reserve rifle brigade, the author comes to the conclusion that
it is necessary to perpetuate her memory in Omsk, and in particular at Omsk memorials.

Keywords: Great Patriotic War, Omsk, 39th Omsk reserve rifle brigade (division), preparation of reserves, marching companies,
places of memory.


73–81















E. V. Leshukova
Filtration cases of Ugra soldiers participating in the World War II as historical source
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-2-82-86
During the 75 years that separate us from the Victory Day on May 9, 1945, a huge array of documentary evidence
of the Great Patriotic War is put into scientific circulation. Nevertheless, one of the little-studied sources remains the filtering files
of repatriated citizens. The article discusses the circumstances of the appearance and storage of this type of source. Based
on a selective comparative analysis there are discovered some details of the content of the filtration cases of military personnel,
who went to the front from the territory of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous District of the modern Tyumen Region, informational
possibilities of using filtration files for scientific purposes.

Keywords: The Great Patriotic War, prisoners of war, concentration camps, repatriates, filtration files, Ugra.


82–86











A. V. Rychkov
«The cavalry rushes, and in battle campaigns the tank rushes along with the war horse»:
cavalry romance in Soviet songs on eve of the Great Patriotic War
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-2-87-91
The publication analyzes the content component of the phenomenon of Soviet pre-war «cavalry» songs. Particular attention
is paid to the role of public cultural policy, with the help of art forming a system of values among Soviet people, wh ere the patriotic
idea of defending the homeland was the most important element. The author explains the popularity of the subject both as traditional
for that time about the significant role of cavalry in the Red Army, its high combat qualities and the prospect of using it in combination
with other types of troops, and the government’s campaign «for the Soviet Cossacks», in which the cavalry song was
the most important propaganda tool. According to the author, the songs about cavalry written by talented poets and composers
were loved by the people and became the most important means of military-patriotic education of Soviet people, making
a significant contribution to the Great Victory.

Keywords: cavalry, Cossacks, Red Army, Soviet war songs, Great Patriotic War, USSR.


87–91














History Name


S. V. Novikov
Mikhail Efimovich Budarin — scientist and enlightener. From history of culture
in Siberian Territory (1940’s – 2000’s)
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-2-92-100
Socialist construction carried out in the USSR is a separate topic based on knowledge of the history of the social and economic
development of the country of study. One of the researchers and popularizers of socialist construction was M. E. Budarin.
As a journalist, he conveyed to his contemporaries information about the transformations taking place in the Ob North, as a writer
he created pictures of the life and life of the peoples of Siberia in various periods of their history. Appeal to scientific activity
has become a step in understanding the history of the development of the region studying the activities of authorities
in its development, analysis of the impact of development on the peoples of the region. The teaching work expanded
the possibilities of popularizing the history of the entry of Siberia into Russia and the transformation of the region in the Soviet period.
Over the years of activity, the multifaceted personality of M. E. Budarin was revealed, who embodied in his work
all the difficulties of Soviet history.

Keywords: Ishim, development of the Tyumen north, Ermak, the history of Siberia, journalism, The Russian Civil War in belles-lettres.


92–100















D. I. Petin
Lieutenant of the Russian Imperial Army Anatoly Petrovich Moser (1889–1943):
the «little man» and his fate in mirror of military anthropology
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-2-101-108
The study is dedicated to the life of a representative of a family of serving noblemen known in pre-revolutionary Omsk. The purpose
of the work is to present the example of this fate as the position of a former career officer in provincial imperial and Soviet society.
The relevance of the work is seen in the fact that the life path of A.P. Moser is a small example of the relatively successful integration
of a former officer in Soviet society. Studying the life of this person fills the knowledge about the being of «former people»
in the RSFSR — USSR. The basis for the preparation of the work was unpublished sources from the funds of the Russian State
Military Historical Archive, the Historical Archive of the Omsk Region, as well as an interview with the author’s granddaughter
of the article’s hero. The author comes to the conclusion that the anthropological vision of the plots of political and everyday
history allows us to draw general conclusions about the state, society, strategies and forms of social survival on the basis
of particular cases.

Keywords: The First World War, officers, genealogy, military anthropology, cadet corps, Aleksandrovskoe military school,
Omsk, Mozer genius.


101–108
















PHILOSOPHY

A. B. Didikin
Wittgenstein and metamorphoses of legal language
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-2-109-115
The paper analyzes the evolution of Wittgenstein’s philosophical ideas and the influence of his views on the analytical legal
philosophy and the legal language theory. Based on the key arguments of the «Logical-philosophical Treatise», the author
reconstructs the possibility of displaying legal phenomena in the legal language from the position of logical validity
and the relationship between the syntax and semantics of normative prescriptions. Modern discussions about the possibilities
of implementing Wittgenstein’s arguments about the rule following problem and the skeptical argument in the field of interpretation         
and clarification of the content of legal norms are considered. The concepts of D. Patterson and A. V. Nekhaev on the social
context of interpretation of judicial practice and the motives of judges in making legal decisions are analyzed. The author
substantiates the position on the deep relationship between every day and professional discourses in the legal language.

Keywords: Wittgenstein, legal language, facts, actions, interpretation, judicial practice, legal doctrine, social context.

109–115













N. B. Afanasov
Russian civilizational project facing digital capitalism
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-2-116-123
The article offers a point of view on the Russian civilizational project from the perspective of comparing the national features
of Russia’s development and the global expansion of digital capitalism. The author places the Russian civilizational project
in the context of processes that will inevitably have — and already have — the impact on modern Russian society and economy.
Digital capitalism is as relevant a phenomenon for Russia as it is for any other modern country. The global context
and modernization are inextricably linked. But when we talk about modernization, even in the most general way, we cannot
exclude the national peculiarities of its implementation, which say a lot about the country itself and its culture. In the context
of the Russian civilizational project, the main issue will be to understand why, unlike other modernizing waves, digital capitalism
has so quickly become embedded in the space of Russian economic life and Russian culture. What exactly in our culture
created such a fertile ground for the phenomenon? It is likely that the absence of established capitalist institutions played
a role in the introduction of digital practices. But, as in every culture, there is also something special about Russian culture
that accelerates the integration of society into the reality of digital capitalism.

Keywords: social philosophy, social theory, Russia, capitalism, digital capitalism, Russian civilizational project,
modernization, culture.


116–123

















E. S. Marchukova
Martin Heidegger on distinctio essentia and existentia in scholasticism
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-2-124-128
Reflections on the categories of essence (essentia) and existence (existentia), their interrelationships and ability to differentiate
form the core of medieval scholasticism. For the Heidegger philosophy, the complexity of the interrelation between essentia
and existentia is one of the basic, principal posers in his «fundamental ontology». The aim of the study is to analyze the way
how Heidegger works with the texts of medieval philosophers (Thomas Aquinas, Ioannes Duns Scotus, Francisco Suarez).
Such an analysis makes it possible to clarify the importance of the scholastic difference between essence and existence
for Heidegger’s philosophy.

Keywords: scholasticism, Thomas Aquinas, Ioannes Duns Scotus, Francisco Suarez, essentia, existentia, ontological difference,
Martin Heidegger.


124–128












A. V. Morozov
Neopragmatism and speculative realism
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-2-129-136
The article deals with neopragmatist themes of contingency, irony and solidarity in the context of the contemporary movement
in continental philosophy, speculative realism. Despite the fact that many representatives of this trend have repeatedly spoken
about Richard Rorty exclusively in a critical spirit, their critical strategies, which aspire to overcome representationalism (Rorty)
and correlationism (speculative realism) in philosophy, intersect in many important respects. Thus, Rorty and Meillassoux
approach the concept of contingency that underlies their projects in a similar vein. There is a parallelism between the contingency
of language and its constituent vocabularies in Rorty, on the one hand, and the contingency of world in Meillassoux, on the other.
From the point of view of both philosophers, there is no all-encompassing entity, either within language («meta-vocabulary»)
or within the world («universe of all universes»). At the same time, the realistic argument based on the «ancestrality problem»
(formulated by Meillassoux), which allows us to make judgments about reality as a reality which pre-exists our judgments about
it without relying on some form of correlation/representation, is reproduced in a neopragmatist context by Robert Brandom,
the follower of Rorty. The texts of speculative realists (Quentin Meillassoux, Graham Harman, Ian Bogost, Ray Brassier)
are then analyzed in terms of the concept of irony. At the end of the article the social-philosophical and ethical implications
of the projects of Rorty and Meillassoux are considered. The similarity of the utopias built by Rorty and Meillassoux allows us
to conclude that Meillassoux’s project is very close in his spirit to liberal ideology.

Keywords: neopragmatism, speculative realism, Richard Rorty, Quentin Meillassoux, anti-representationalism, contingency,
irony, community, social philosophy, utopia.


129–136




















ECONOMY

Yu. S. Zharkova, E. N. Karpova, E. I. Brichka
Organization and functioning of public procurement system in economy of Rostov region
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-2-137-144
The article examines the issues of the most effective satisfaction of state needs through the mechanism of public procurement.
The theoretical significance of the study is to identify the main advantages of public procurement using the electronic bidding
system, as well as key factors for non-fulfillment of contractual obligations. The analysis of the dynamics of key indicators
of public procurement in the Rostov region in 2014–2019 revealed the absolute amount of savings and the preferential use
of an open auction in electronic form during procurement. The article substantiates that the main reason for non-fulfillment
of contractual obligations in the public procurement system is the insolvency of suppliers. In the future, it is necessary
to establish tools for competitive selection of procurement participants, which involves the analysis of indicators
of the effectiveness of financial and economic activities of commercial structures.

Keywords: public procurement, unified information system, contract service, contractual obligations,
risk of non-fulfillment of contractual obligations.

137–144














Yu. G. Kirillov, E. K. Enza
On measures to protect domestic market and export support in conditions
of preferential trade of the EAEU and Vietnam
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-2-145-151
The development of free trade of the Eurasian Economic Union with third countries does not exclude the creation of a mechanism
to protect the domestic market for sensitive goods and maintaining the necessary balance of trade balances of the parties involved.
The article analyzes the foreign trade cooperation between Russia and Vietnam in the development of the concluded
Free Trade Agreement between the Eurasian Economic Union and its member states, on the one hand, and the Socialist Republic
of Vietnam, on the other hand. The data presented indicate the need for regulatory influence aimed at protecting the domestic market    
of Russia maintaining appropriate proportions between domestic and imported goods. Certain measures for protecting
the domestic market by the Eurasian Economic Commission in the context of preferential trade and national export stimulation
measures are considered. The results can be used in the Eurasian Economic Union when building preferential relations with
a number of states that have concluded or are ready in the near future to conclude such free trade agreements.

Keywords: sensitive goods, preferential trade, trigger protective measures, twoway protective measure.


145–151















I. N. Primyshev
Theoretical-methodological basis of formation social policy of state
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-2-152-159
In this article, the author considers the theoretical and methodological basis for the formation and development of social policy
in order to clarify its role and place in improving the standard and quality of life of the population. The main objectives
of social policy have been studied and systematized. The main directions of the developed programs for the implementation
of social policy have been identified. Social policy actors have been identified and investigated and structured.
Methodological principles of social policy are summarized. The conclusion notes that social policy is one of the most important
areas of activity of the State to increase the effectiveness of the social system, the main task of which is to ensure
the necessary standard of living of citizens.

Keywords: social policy, principles of social policy, social sphere, theoreticalmethodological basis, goals of social policy.


152–159












E. V. Bakiko, V. V. Fadeeva, V. S. Serdyuk
Organizational and economic aspect of labor protection specialist
professional competence formation
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-2-160-168
One of the reasons for socio-economic losses from unfavourable work conditions is the low labor protection specialists’ professional
competence level. In this study the labor protection specialist professional competence integral concept is defined
by the principal component analysis. An integral competence model labor protection professional is developed. The organizational
and economic aspect of the formation and continuous professional competence improvement is shown. The basic specialized
education impact assessment on socio-economic losses from the level of occupational injuries is made.

Keywords: professional competence, competence model, labor protection specialist, social and labor relations, industrial injuries,
socio-economic losses.


Vol. 5, no. 1, 2020

CONTENTS

HISTORY

Zh. E. Levina
Worldview revolutions of the XIX–early XX centuries and image of Siberia in social and cultural practice of artists of Western Siberia in 1920’s–1930’s
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-1-9-17
In the era of the «visual revolution», the relevance of research on the artistic display of Siberia is due to the necessity to get a better understanding of how to create an image of the region, to analyze
the peculiarities of reflection of the Siberian culture of the Soviet period, as well as to assess the interaction of European, Russian/Soviet and Siberian culture on a worldview level. The present article
considers the problem of the representation of Siberia in the practice of West Siberian artists that has been little studied in Russian history. The degree of influence on the local authors’ work
of the anthropological revolution of the XIX century and the Soviet cultural revolution is analyzed. The professional art associations of Siberia are shown as the ones which sensitively respond to Domestic
and Western European intellectual fashion trends and hobbies but at the same time being aware of their specificity of the community. The dynamics of artistic display about the natural, ethnic, social
and cultural, everyday features of the West Siberian region is reflected in the article. The creation of an encyclopedic image of Siberia being free fr om local stereotypes and auto-stereotypes, in conditions
of unification of themes and plots of the era of the Soviet cultural revolution is demonstrated.

Keywords: anthropological revolution, cultural revolution, image of Siberia, art of the West Siberia, artists of the West Siberia, «New Siberia» Association, Association of Artists of Revolutionary Russia,
Soviet everyday life.
9–17












S. V. Novikov
Formation of political organizations in Western Siberia during fragmentation and collapse of CPSU. 1989–1991
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-1-18-24
The events of the 1980s, perestroika in the USSR and the rapid process of politicization of relations between social groups, require further analysis. The actual material accumulated and processed
in a series of dissertations and monographic West Siberian studies makes it possible to analyze the contribution of political forces that appeared during the years of perestroika to the destruction
of the administrativecommand system for a long time ensuring the existence and development of the Soviet state. Even after 30 years, it is difficult to determine what these events were:
the counter-revolution, the revolution, the Thermidorian upheaval.This situation is complicated by the differences in the interests of the political forces that took part in the collapse of the Soviet system
of government, as well as a change in the attitude of the participants in the events themselves to their past experience.

Keywords: West Siberian, CPSU, Thermidorian upheaval, political organizations, elite and counter-elite, PLURS.

18–24









M. S. Novikov
«Striking force of gun turrets» — to question of creating artillery weapons of Soviet armored vehicles in 1930’s
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-1-25-34
The article is devoted to the development of anti-tank and tank artillery in the USSR, Belgium, Britain, Germany, Czechoslovakia, Poland, France, Italy in the Interbellum. This process is caused by the growth
of the tank fleet of the armed forces, which can significantly increase the pace of operations. In parallel, there is a qualitative development of armored vehicles, which becomes more resistant to armor-piercing
bullets of a rifle caliber and shell fragments, more mobile, which complicates the fight against regimental and division artillery, and makes the production of special anti-tank guns necessary. At the same time,
the qualitative growth of armored vehicles requires adequate armament of a compact, rapid-fire ammunition with a wide range of ammunition. Unfortunately, the study of this process is biased. Journalists,
politicians, researchers often disseminate allegations that in the USSR there was a copying of foreign samples. An example of such approaches is the distortion of the history of the development of Soviet
anti-tank and tank guns of the Interbellum. A comparison of the processes taking place in the USSR and abroad allows us to refute the opinion of the fundamental importance of copying foreign samples or using
pre-revolutionary experience.

Keywords: Soviet designers, tank guns, anti-tank guns, Interbellum, the defense industry, foreign experience.

25–34











A. V. Rychkov
Contribution of the USSR State Committee on Science and Technology to development of agricultural science
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-1-35-39
The publication analyzes the main directions of the scientific and organizational activities of the USSR State Committee on Science and Technology (SCST of the USSR) to improve the organization of agricultural
research. The SCST of the USSR studied the possibilities of using the latest scientific achievements in production, oriented agricultural scientists to the formation of comprehensive recommendations for agriculture,
and organized a search for new innovative forms. The author comes to the conclusion that the activity of the SCST of the USSR outlined the direction of the processes of research and production integration
in agriculture in the last Soviet decades.

Keywords: USSR State Committee on Science and Technology, agriculture, agricultural science, research and production integration.

35–39








V. I. Teterin
Fr om investigation to detection: Criminal Investigation Organs of Perm province during years of revolution and Civil War in Russia
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-1-40-47
Despite the high actuality of the subject connected with the necessity of building a civil society in our country the modern historiography does not cover а complex study of the soviet system of criminal investigation
formation in certain regions. The present study elaborates on criminal investigation institutions in Perm region under the soviet authorities coming to power. With the help of the archive documents from
the State Archive of Perm region and the Perm police history museum the author disovers some historic facts related to organization and functioning of criminal investigation in Perm region. Following the collapse
of monarchy in 1917 the whole Russian law-enforcement system began to transform. New transformations took place when the Bolshevists came to power in autumn 1917. Criminal investigation was no exception.
Along with that a kind of continuity was characteristic of the system despite all the political changes. A lot of investigators, some having started their career before the revolution, continued working under both
the white and the red. However the revolution and the Civil War could not leave the criminal situation in the region and investigating agencies intact. Ideology affected their activity a lot. The crisis destroyed
the resource base and personnel development system. But that did not prevent the authorities from achieving high crime detection and containing the chaos in the region. During the first years of the soviet power
the fundament for the effective functioning of the investigation institutions was created.

Keywords: criminal investigation, investigating agencies, Perm region, 1917 Revolution, Civil War, Soviet power.

40–47












A. E. Shagov, O. V. Grigoriev
Troops and military tribunals of NKVD in battle for the Caucasus (August– November 1942)
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-1-48-54
The article gives a brief description of the situation prevailing in the North Caucasus in the first period of World War II. Particular attention is paid to the creation and heroic defense by the troops
of the People’s Commissariat of Internal Affairs (hereinafter referred to as the NKVD ) of the Vladikavkaz, Grozny, Makhachkala, Nalchik fortified areas, passes and mountain passages of the Main Caucasus Range
(hereinafter referred to as the GKH) in August–November 1942. Archive data about the losses of the warring parties, as well as the rewarding of the personnel of the NKVD troops for their courage. The role and place
of the NKVD military tribunals in ensuring the rule of law and maintaining military discipline is revealed. It is concluded that the NKVD troops played a key role in the defense of the created fortified areas.

Keywords: World War II, the Main Caucasian Range, fortified area, NKVD troops.

48–54








V. S. Dzyuba, I. V. Makarov
The main events of the Russo-Japanese war in coverage «Frankfurter Zeitung» newspaper
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-1-55-61
The article examines the reaction of the regional German periodicals to the events and results of the Russian-Japanese war on the basis of the publications of one of the largest regional newspapers in Germany
«Frankfurter Zeitung» (Frankfurt am Main, 1856–1943) from January to September 1905. The most significant attention is given to coverage of the surrender of Port Arthur, the battle of Mukden, the battle of Tsushima
and the peace negotiations at Portsmouth, caused the most noticeable reaction and the activity of the newspaper and analytical articles in newspapers concerning the Russian-Japanese war. On the basis
of these publications, the editorial policy of the newspaper related to the countries participating in the war and the direction in which the newspaper adjusted the regional public opinion of Germany in relation
to these countries is analyzed.

Keywords: Russo-Japanese war, periodical press of Germany, public opinion, Port Arthur, battle of Mukden, battle of Tsushima, Treaty of Portsmouth.

55–61









M. A. Knyazev
To question of departure of Nicholas II and royal family to England after fall of monarchy in Russia
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-1-62-69
The discussion about the possibility of the departure of Nicholas II and the royal family to England after the February Revolution has been going on for a hundred years, but a definite answer to this question
has not yet been worked out in the scientific community. Various researchers among the reasons for the imperial family not to leave for England most often single out the opposition of the Provisional Government,
the Petrograd Soviet of Workers ‘and Soldiers’ Deputies, or the Government of England. The author proposes a solution to this issue by critically analyzing the sources of the topic, in particular, the «note»
of Nicholas II to the Provisional Government asking him to leave for England. The article uses data from diaries, memoirs, correspondence, as well as paperwork. The conclusion is drawn about the decisive role
of the Provisional Government in the Romanovs refusal to leave for the UK.

Keywords: Provisional Government, Nicholas II, the royal family, the February Revolution, the fall of the monarchy in Russia, A.F. Kerensky, P.N. Milyukov, D. Buchanan, D. Lloyd George.

62–69









M. I. Mashkarin
«Troubles of the 20th century» in Siberia: a look through documentary heritage (historical and archival conferences in Omsk
on history of the revolution and the Civil War in Russia)
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-1-70-74
The article is devoted to the analysis conducted in 2013–2019. Omsk historians and archivists of scientific conferences at which various aspects of the events that took place in Siberia after the February
bourgeois-democratic and Great October Socialist revolutions and during the ensuing Civil War in Russia were examined. Then, in 1918–1919, the city of Omsk, having gained a special position
on the political map of Russia, became the capital of «White» Russia, headed by Admiral A. V. Kolchak. Particular attention is paid to the efforts of Omsk historians, archivists, local historians, who became
the organizers of a deeper study of the history of the Civil War in Russia and, especially, in Siberia, in the Omsk Irtysh Region in connection with the 100th anniversary of those controversial events.

Keywords: historical science, archives, historiography, Civil War, Siberia, Omsk, Admiral A. V. Kolchak, white movement, Soviet power, conference.

70–74









I. V. Tsyganova
The Portsmouth peace Treaty of 1905 in assessment of British ruling elite, diplomacy and press
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-1-75-80
The article attempts to identify the positions of the members of the political elite, diplomacy and the press of Great Britain in connection with the signing of the Portsmouth Peace Treaty, which ended
the Russian-Japanese war of 1904–1905. The author draws attention to that the peace process in Portsmouth was influenced by the signing of the Second Anglo-Japanese Union Treaty. Based on the study
of parliamentary and diplomatic documents, materials of the British and Russian press, it is concluded that the British ruling circles are interested in signing peace between Japan and Russia,
as well as the debatable assessment of the content of the articles of the Portsmouth Treaty and its impact on international relations in the Far East.

Keywords: A. Balfour, Anglish-Japanese Union, Far East, Lord Lensdowne, House of Lords, Portsmouth Peace Treaty, Russian-Japanese War, T. Roosevelt, Edward VII.

75–80








History Name


Yu. Z. Kantor
«Save the Man». In way of documentary and exhibition project
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-1-81-87
The article is dedicated to the life and fate of a doctor, a graduate of the Omsk Medical Institute Andrei Pantyukhov — a man whom the famous writer Varlam Shalamov considered his friend and savior.
Dr. Pantyukhov — the prototype of the protagonist of several «Kolyma Tales» by Shalamov. The article, thanks to documents from the Pantyukhov family archive, the archives of the Federal Security Service
of Russia in the Omsk Region and the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia in the Magadan Region, the Historical Archive of the Omsk Region and the archive of the Omsk State Medical University,
for the first time put into scientific circulation, makes it possible to find out the details of the biography of Pantyukhov, who devoted himself to serving the most humane from professions.

Keywords: Pantyukhov, Shalamov, Kolyma, repression, Stalinism, Omsk Medical Institute, Omsk, rehabilitation, personal archive

81–87








V. P. Vasilevsky, A. V. Sushko
Nicolai Vasilyevich Ivanov: addition to biography of chekist-transport worker
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-1-88-94
The article deals with the biography reconstruction of the chekist-transport worker (public security officer) N. V. Ivanov. The authors comes to the conclusion that the life and fate of N. V. Ivanov makes it possible
to cast doubt to the popular postulate that in 1937 all the «old school checklists» were destroyed by J. V. Stalin. N. V. Ivanov was a communist, distinguished himself in struggle against banditry, approved himself
as a good professional in the eyes of the governing body. Thus, N. V. Ivanov secured his career promotion in the Soviet transport security agencies, and received many national honorary awards for his service,
successfully surviving mass political repressions.

Keywords: N.V. Ivanov, special services, All-Russian Special Commission for Combating Counter-revolution, Sabotage and Speculation–State Political Directorate–Joint State Political Directorate–NKVD (secret police),
Omsk, Omsk railway line.

88–94









PHILOSOPHY

R. L. Kochnev
The Story of Non-real Man: personal identity and existentialism
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-1-95-102
The article analyzes the concept of personality, how it can be formulated within the framework of existential philosophy; from this perspective, the narrative theory of personality identity is criticized.
An alternative description of the personality is proposed, which will be satisfactory for both analytical and existential thought.

Keywords: personal identity, narrative theory, autobiography, analytical philosophy, existentialism, Locke, Parfit.
95–102






Pros and Cons


A. B. Didikin
The logic of «pure knowledge» and conceptual understanding of principle of causality in normativism
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-1-103-107
The paper is devoted to the analysis of the philosophical foundations of Hans Kelsen’s normativism, presented in the arguments of the Marburg school of neocantianism. With the help of the reconstruction
of the «logic of pure knowledge» by H. Cohen, the conceptual apparatus of normativism is reinterpreted. Special attention is paid to the conceptual analysis of the principle of causality in scientific knowledge,
the roots of which are found in ancient philosophical thought and mythology with the idea of retribution. As additional arguments for the legal methodology the arguments of the normativist theory are given,
justifying a methodological alternative to the search for cause-and-effect relationships in legal reality.

Keywords: normativism, legal norms, causality, retribution, mythology, ancient philosophy, Hans Kelsen.

103–107








H. Kelsen
Causality and Retribution / trans. from Engl. А. B. Didikin
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-1-108-111
A translation of a paper by the Austrian philosopher and lawyer Hans Kelsen devoted to the conceptual understanding of the principle of causality in humanitarian knowledge is presented. The paper formulates
and justifies the thesis that the origins of ideas about causality in nature should be found in ancient mythology and philosophy, wh ere the key reference point for the perception of nature and society was the principle      
of retribution. On the basis of historical and philosophical reconstruction of the philosophical ideas of Heraclitus and Democritus Kelsen traces the evolution of the principle of causality to the present day,
including the emergence of new theories in the field of quantum mechanics and mathematics.

Keywords: causality, retribution, mythology, ancient philosophy, Hans Kelsen.
Printed with permission from the Hans Kelsen-Institut (Austria, Vienna).

108–111









ECONOMY

B. G. Khairov, V. A. Kovalev, R. Kh. Khasanov
Features of financial integration of the Eurasian Economic Union member states
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-1-112-119
This work is devoted to the study of the issue related to the deepening and expansion of integration processes within the framework of the Eurasian Economic Union for sustainable development,
constant technological renewal, increasing the competitiveness of the economies of the Eurasian Economic Union member states and increasing the standard of living of their population. The relevance
of the topic is due to the high interest of the state authorities of Russia in the development of this interstate association. The authors use content analysis of regulatory acts and open information materials
on mutual financial flows of Eurasian Economic Union member states, analysis of discrete institutional alternatives, mathematical modeling, etc. Based on the analysis carried out in the work,
a list of proposals for further progressive development of integration processes in the Eurasian Economic Union was formulated. The article was prepared on the basis of the results of studies carried out
at the expense of budgetary allocations within the framework of the state task to the Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation.

Keywords: Eurasian Economic Union, financial integration, globalization, crossborder financial flows, investment, trade.
112–119










A. R. Bril, O. V. Kalinina, A. A. Sedyakina, S. V. Kalmykova
The structure and procedure of economic calculations for the organization of remuneration in crisis enterprises
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-1-120-126
Planning and organization of remuneration, staff incentives for the withdrawal of a company from a crisis situation requires in some cases significant financial resources. This situation occurs in cases wh ere,
in order to preserve the most efficient employees of the enterprise, it becomes necessary to use special methods of motivation and remuneration. To work out the various options for the plan
and effectively address these issues, reliable information is needed on the economic and organizational capabilities of the enterprise, the level of risks and the state of the market. In order to prepare such
information, the article proposes a settlement system and a decision-making procedure based on the separation of the principles of external and internal analysis, the development of the company’s regulatory                 
budget and a business plan for overcoming the crisis.

Keywords: organization of remuneration, crisis situation at the enterprise, financial analysis, business planning.

120–126









T. I. Gordievich, P. V. Ruzanov
Living standards and income dynamics
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-1-127-135
Problem and purpose. The main problem of the modern Russian economy has been the declining dynamics of population incomes. Revenues determine the socioeconomic orientation of the economy
and are indicators of the standard of living of the population. These are key indicators of social welfare, which are a source of meeting diverse needs. The aim of the article is to study the main trends
in the indicators of living standards.
Methods. The research methodology is based on the analytical method. In particular, the incomes of the population are examined and the state of living standards of the population is estimated.
Results. In the course of the analysis, the dynamics of the average per capita cash income of the population (per month), the real disposable cash income of the population, the volume and structure
of the cash income of the population by source of income, the distribution of income, the dynamics of the living wage, and real wages are determined.
The analysis carried out in the article allows us to determine the degree of change in the standard of living of the population. In 2014–2015, there was a decrease in the standard of living of the population.
In 2016–2017, the economy is growing slowly. Conclusions. A stimulating income policy is needed to improve living standards. In particular, it is necessary to expand the expenditures of the state budget
to support poor citizens. Also, an increase in the living standard may become an instrument of income policy.

Keywords: standard of living, income policy, real wages, cost of living.

127–135













А. V. Dvoynev
Factors of formation and development of Russian management thought as main components of the Russian model of management in XX century
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-1-136-141
The article is devoted to the actual problem of identifying problems and prospects for the development of the methodological framework in the study of the essence and features of the Russian management
model. The article reveals the essence and features of the factors that influenced the development of Russian management thought and the Russian management model in the XX century, the prospects
for further study of the system of labor indicators are revealed.

Keywords: factors, methodology, management theory, history of management thought, Russian management model.

136–141







A. E. Demyanenko
Sectoral structure of gross regional product as factor of economic development of regions
DOI: 10.25206/2542-0488-2020-5-1-142-150
The article discusses issues of essence, structural elements, measurement and use of potential of development of regional economies, explores trends and regularities of socio-economic condition
and development of regions of Siberian Federal District. Potential factors are studied, methodological approaches are developed and implemented to assess the levels of development potential
of the studied subjects of the federation, the effectiveness of their functioning and the dominators of further development. The sectoral structure of gross regional product and natural resource potential
is investigated, the group of regions of the Siberian Federal District according to the potential of their development is carried out, economic return of each of the elements of development potential included
in the multi-factor model of the studied regions is revealed.

Keywords: development potential, structural factor, regional economy, gross regional product, natural resource potential, export.

142–150








 
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Журнал «Омский научный вестник» Серия «Общество. История. Современность» ISSN (Print) 2542-0488. ISSN (Online) 2541-7983
Омский научный вестник. Серия «Авиационно-ракетное и энергетическое машиностроение» ISSN (Print) 2588-0373. ISSN (Online) 2587-764X